When India’s government and Chinese government negotiate to contain the worst chemical spill in the history of India’s chemical industry and China’s economic recovery, the two countries could find common ground on clean-up.
The stakes are high: the two largest countries have been working together to address the country’s worst industrial disaster in more than a century.
That was the worst disaster in Indian history and a watershed moment for both countries as they grapple with the fallout from China’s most costly industrial disaster ever.
A month before the chemical spill, the governments of India and Japan signed a $5 billion agreement to reduce their emissions by 26 percent by 2020, while China agreed to step up its own efforts to reduce pollution.
Both governments are expected to discuss a potential deal at a meeting in Beijing this week, sources told The Associated Press.
Ahead of that meeting, the presidents of the two governments agreed on an initial agreement to address an ongoing chemical spill that is expected to cost $1.3 billion.
The U.S. Geological Survey estimated the spill’s cost at $3 billion and India’s ministry of environment and climate change said it will be about $1 billion.
The agreement between the two sides is a significant development in the global effort to clean up the countrys chemical industry.
India has pledged to spend $5.6 billion on cleanup efforts, with the country spending an additional $2 billion over the next two years.
But India has also taken a hard line on dealing with China, particularly after it blamed the chemical disaster on a faulty safety belt and said it would not negotiate to reduce emissions.
India had accused China of “manufacturing” the spill and said the U.N. panel that investigated the disaster had concluded that the plant had been badly run and had violated safety standards.
The U.K. and Canada, which are both in the U, have also signed agreements with China to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
And China has been stepping up efforts to combat pollution, including by building cleaner factories and upgrading power plants.
India is also working with China on the issue of pollution, which has increased since the spill, including from more Chinese firms buying Indian land.
China is also moving toward phasing out coal in India, and the country is moving toward a phase out of coal plants.
The chemical spill comes as the two nations are struggling to recover from the fallout.
In April, the Indian government announced that it would ban the use of chlorine in industrial processes.
That prompted China to issue a statement saying the move was “unfair and unacceptable” and “disgraceful.”
China is the largest importer of Indian goods, and it is also the country with the highest percentage of carbon dioxide in its air.
The government said in a statement that the use a non-selective pesticide was an indication of negligence and that it was “inappropriate and counterproductive.”
A year ago, the Chinese government asked India to allow it to use chlorinated chemicals in some plants.
India’s then minister of environment, Gauri Shankar Upadhyay, said at the time that the chemical was “not something that is appropriate for a developing country.”
India also announced a moratorium on chlorinated products and pledged to invest $1 trillion in the country over the course of two years to improve water treatment and wastewater treatment.
In December, the government announced a $500 million fund to help companies make better use of their chemicals.